square kilometers – the size is comparable to Ireland
provincial towns; Capital city Freetown 1,5 Million inhabitants, Bo- 200,000 inhabitants, Kenema-200,000 inhabitants and Makeni-100,000 inhabitants
Neighboring countries: Guinea and Liberia; Atlantic coast is 400km
Tropical wet (rainy season from May to September; December and January Harmattan (Sahara wind))
natural resources: Bauxite, Lignite, iron ore, gold, diamonds, rutile and marine resources
million inhabitants; 2.3% growth; 38% of the population is younger than 15 years old; Life expectancy is 43 years
ethnic groups: Temne and Mende (2/3) of the country’s population
Language: English and local languages of which Krio is dominant
60% Muslims, 10-20 % Christians- Other traditional religion present
Form of Government
in the Commonwealth of Nations, parliament with 124 members elected every 5 years
elections of the head of state
Legislation based on the British Common law
Government and Parliament
2007, Ernest Bai Koroma became the president of the country with also winning the 2012 election
Peoples Congress (APC) has a majority in the parliament with 59 out of 112 seats and Sierra Leone Peoples Party (SLPP) won 43 seats
In 1462, A
Portuguese sailor Pedro de Sintra discovered the Sierra Leone mountains on the peninsula and named it Serra Lyoa meaning lion mountain.
peninsula is crowned a British Colony; 1896, the whole country was proclaimed a British Protectorate on the Berlin Congo conference
Leone gained independence in 1961 with Sir Milton Margai as the 1st prime minister.
military coups in 1967 and 1968, the country was declared a republic in 1971
Instability was fueled by rampant corruption, high unemployment rate and marginalization of the youths. This led to dissatisfaction from the urban and rural communities that led to
the civil war. The war was fueled by proceeds from diamonds with Charles Taylor as the main financier.
started in 1991 with massive brutality against civilians.
accounts for 50,000 deaths and 2 million refugees.
In 1999 a
United Nations backed British SWAT military team intervened to support Government forces.
this period, the United Nations recorded the highest expenses on peacebuilding and peacekeeping.
The war ended in 2002
Nations continued its monitoring of the situation and developing the country.
multilateral international donor organizations came to help; among which are; World Bank, Africa Development Bank, European Union, UNICEF etc.
$ 4.1 billion, 16.32% more than precedent year.
income in 2013: $ 785; more than 50% unemployment- Agriculture is subsistence- rice, millet , cassava , fishing as the main source produce for home consumption.
51% agriculture, 22% industry, 27% services.
about $ 965 million annually (machines, oil, transport, food); Export about $ 470 million (coffee, cocoa, palm kernels)
Britain and USA have their own chamber of commerce, China investment is huge; Germany has very little impact in the economy.
policy, the country has a close relation with UK, USA and China.
11,555km, no public railway network, waterways navigable, 8 airports
Culture, Media, Education
College, founded in 1827, is the oldest University (Athens of West Africa); University of Makeni and Njala University.
stations, 58 newspapers, 21 radio stations (72% of population listen daily).
Telecommunication: 18,000 landlines, 4,8 mobile phones, internet connections 85,600.
HIV 2-5%, 28% of children die before their 5 birthday (UNICEF). 2% of women die during pregnancy or childbirth; Malaria + yellow fever are the most common diseases; insufficient health
percent of the population access water through sewage system; Water access of rural population is 32% whilst urban population is 83%.
Illiteracy rate is 65%; 30% of school age children attend school with over 1000 schools destroyed during the war.
Development Index 2011: Position 183 out of 187
Problems: Poverty, food shortage, lack of and inadequate social and physical infrastructural facilities.
Construction and development of the economy; Develop the present infrastructure in the country; Use the natural resources for sustainable development.
areas of development: Tourism, agriculture, forestry, fisheries, mining
international investment to finance infrastructural projects – “smart” industrial policies for the creation of local employment and knowledge (technology transfer).
(e.g. South Korea)
Retrieve human capital
reorganization” of the state (tax, civil administration, trainings etc.)
risks (neighboring countries, regional- ethnic, corruption etc.)